What Is Multiple Sclerosis?

Is MS an autoimmune disease?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is thought to be an autoimmune disease. It occurs when the body’s own defense system attacks myelin that protects the nerve fibers of the central nervous system. Any time part of the myelin sheath or nerve fiber is damaged, nerve impulses traveling between the brain are interrupted, causing the variety of symptoms associated with MS.

What are the symptoms of MS?

Multiple sclerosis symptoms are unpredictable and can vary by patient. Although there are a wide range of symptoms, some common signs of MS may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Numbness
  • Pain
  • Walking, balance and coordination problems

Learn more about multiple sclerosis symptoms.

What are the types of MS?

There are four types of MS, which are named for how the disease acts in the body over time. These include:

  • Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS)
  • Primary-Progressive MS (PPMS)
  • Secondary-Progressive MS (SPMS)
  • Progression-Relapsing MS (PRMS)

Learn more about the signs and symptoms of each type of MS.

What causes multiple sclerosis?

The question many people often ask is: How do you get MS? The cause of MS is still unknown, but some scientists believe the disease is triggered by an unidentifiable environmental factor in a person who is genetically susceptible to respond.

How is MS treated?

Shepherd Center offers comprehensive care and services for people diagnosed with MS. Multiple sclerosis treatment may include MS physical therapy, rehabilitation and wellness activities, MS pain management and more. Learn more about MS treatment at the Shepherd Center MS Institute.

Learn More from Shepherd Center

Please contact us at 404-352-2020 if you have additional questions about multiple sclerosis.