What is a TBI? Understanding Brain Injury Causes

A brain injury is any injury to the brain that affects a person physically, emotionally, or behaviorally. Brain injuries can happen at birth or may arise later from trauma or an illness. Depending on the cause, a brain injury is called either traumatic or non-traumatic.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Causes

Often abbreviated as TBI, a traumatic brain injury is a serious condition that interrupts standard brain function due to a sudden jolt or blow to the head. This form of brain trauma can lead to a range of physical, cognitive, and emotional impairments.

These are the most common causes of traumatic brain injury (TBI): 

  • Motor vehicle accidents 
  • Falls 
  • Violence or gunshot wound 
  • Military attack or bomb blast

Non-Traumatic Brain Injury Causes

A non-traumatic brain injury may also be called an acquired brain injury or ABI. This type of brain injury is the result of an illness or condition within the body, and it is not a result of a blow to the head. These are the most common causes of non-traumatic brain injury:

  • Strokes (leading cause)
  • Lack of oxygen (hypoxia)
  • Aneurysms
  • Brain tumors
  • Other illnesses such as cancer
  • Brain infections or inflammation
  • Other infections like meningitis or encephalitis 
  • Exposure to toxic substances like lead, mercury, and certain chemicals

Recognizing Symptoms of Brain Trauma

Brain injuries can manifest in a range of symptoms, some appearing immediately, others developing over time. Recognizing these symptoms is vital for seeking appropriate medical care. 

Common signs of brain trauma include:

  • Persistent or worsening headache
  • Difficulty coordinating balance
  • Vision problems
  • Seizures
  • Changes in sensory perception
  • Trouble speaking and swallowing
  • Personality changes
  • Difficulty forming sentences or choosing vocabulary
  • Confusion
  • Trouble communicating
  • Difficulty with reason, focus, and logic
  • Memory impairments

Brain injuries can range from mild to severe. Mild brain injuries, also known as concussions, may cause temporary symptoms and typically resolve on their own. Moderate to severe brain injuries can have long-lasting effects and may require extensive medical treatment and rehabilitation. If you are experiencing any of these signs of brain trauma, contact your doctor immediately.

Treating Brain Injury

Rehabilitation and therapy options are crucial for recovery from a brain injury. These include Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, and Speech and Language Therapy, all designed to help individuals regain lost skills and enhance their quality of life.

At Shepherd Center, we understand the significance of accurate diagnosis and comprehensive treatment for brain injuries. Our dedicated team is committed to providing the highest quality care and support throughout the recovery process. 

Learn more about our comprehensive brain injury rehabilitation and support:

Need help identifying the right brain injury rehabilitation center? Discover if Shepherd Center is right for you or your loved one.